China’s Superintense Laser Could Create Matter From Energy
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China’s Superintense Laser Could Create Matter From Energy


E=mc2, energy is equal to mass times the
speed of light squared. We’ve demonstrated this to dramatic effect
with nuclear bombs, converting a little mass into a lot of energy, but we’ve never done
it the other way around and turned energy into mass. At least we haven’t done it… yet. When you think high energy, where does your
mind go? That’s right, to Trace. But after that, probably lasers. And lasers are getting extremely powerful. The current record-holding laser resides in
China, at the Shanghai Superintense Ultrafast Laser Facility. In 2016 it set the bar at 5.3 million billion
Watts of power, or 5.3 Petawatts. Even though that’s a lot of power, it doesn’t
last very long. Power is energy over time, so there are two
ways to make these super powerful lasers. Scientists can just up the energy, but certain
components like the amplifiers can’t handle more energy unless they’re impractically
large. One laser in the US uses 1.8 megajoules to
produce about one petawatt and it’s the size of a 10 story building. The other approach to upping the power is
by packing that energy into a very short amount of time. The laser in Shanghai fires for just a few
quadrillionths of a second. In that tiny timespan, the laser produces
about 500 times the power of all the world’s electrical grids combined, while being small
enough to fit on a tabletop. And yet it’s still not enough. Chinese scientists are upgrading the facility
with the goal of hitting 10 petawatts by the end of the year. And they’re hoping to build another laser
capable of pumping out 100 petawatts by 2023, if the Chinese government approves the roughly
100 million dollar price tag. China might have a compelling reason for footing
the bill though: at these powers levels scientists can achieve new and mind-bending things, like
plucking electrons from an empty vacuum. Well… when I say empty, it really isn’t,
at least according to the theory of quantum electrodynamics. Because the quantum world is a silly place,
for the briefest of moments, electrons and their antimatter evil twins, positrons, flicker
into existence before their opposite charges draw them together and poof! They’re gone again. But a 100 petawatt laser beam focused down
to just 3 micrometers across should create an electric field so intense as to keep the
electron and positron separate. The energy from the laser would also shake
the electron and positron enough that they give off gamma rays that create more electron
positron pairs and radiation we’ll be able to detect. A chain reaction that creates matter from
energy. Of course we’re still an order of magnitude
shy of this kind of power, but after we overcome the technical hurdles we’ll be able to try
our hand at using E=mc2 for creation rather than destruction. Special thanks to Domain dot com for sponsoring
this episode of Seeker! Domain dot com is awesome, affordable, reliable,
and have all the tools you need to build a new website. They can fulfill all your website needs. They offer dot com and dot net domain names,
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online and visit domain dot com. For more news about lasers, subscribe! We make videos about them all the time, like
this one about how scientists are using diamonds to combine laser beams a la the death star. Super powerful lasers can have more uses than
pulling electrons from thin air. Scientists are exploring how they might be
used to treat cancer or build smaller particle accelerators. That’s all for now, I’ll see you next
time on Seeker.

100 Comments

  • Reth Tard

    Can we really consider electrons as matter?
    It seems there is no consensus about that, at least from what I found on Google.
    So, what do you think?

  • onehit pick

    It should be much more efficient to simply shoot two entangled .511 MEV photons precisely at each other. Hell, let's just try it with non-entangled photons and just use massive amounts of them. All we need is two ultra-powerful gamma ray lasers and some amazing optics.

  • Jack Pullen

    It is like plucking the strings of string theory, causing vibrations that manipulate the gravity field into patterned creation instead of random fluctuations.

  • Mattthesparky

    here's a question for you seeker…
    If a laser is used to produce electrons and positrons from the quantum foam and both particles are magnetically drawn off and stored, does the earth gain mass?

  • jordana309

    We have turned energy into matter…large particle accelerators, when they collide beams, convert that matter into energy, which condenses out as matter and anti-matter. From the energy of the collision. You can't get antimatter unless you condense it from energy.

  • E Loesch

    Please do an objective video on the Electric Universe and Plasma physics. Thank you. You just may find the answers.

  • Empyrean Lord

    Then you identify the energetic patterns associated with the specific type of matter you create from such experiment, and associating the date with already existing patters, you generate a magnetic field that could build up, or organize patters within the chain reaction, that would then manifest… a donut!

  • Dustin Cordell

    lol you morons are easily entertained Los Alamos labs did this back in the late 70's in their matter conversion experiments where do think the chinese got the idea from Los Alamos decided to abandon the project because it was never going to be effective how do you think we came up with the idea of laser fusion ignition but go head go on thinking the chinese are going to lead humanity into some kind of new era of technological innovation i mean the stole enough tech to keep the world scammed for the next 20 years but after the one trick pony effect wears off the west will launch a true technological Renaissance

  • D W

    This right here… Among other things- Is why I'm taking Chinese in college.

    And I love Naruto and Sesame chicken… Also their women got some really tight snatch.

    I know Naruto is Japanese, but who cares?

  • Markus - BTC & Hacking

    Do you think we can create solar panel farm on moon, and then have a big lazer aiming at earth on some sort of converter, that convert lazer back to electricity?

  • mmddyyyyalphabet

    100 million for the Chinese super laser? They can ask for a 1 dollar donation from like 1% of their population

  • Lord Borus

    Anytime someone starts talking about numbers like a million billion trillion. I start thinking they just saying shyt cause they know I'll never fact check. So 5 hundred million billion trillion mega petas you say huh?

  • Mc W

    Actually energy transform into matter in the opposite manner. Energy creates matter by slowing down not by speeding up. E=mc2 basically means that energy is produced by the speeding up of matter. It is not a matter (excuse the incidental pun) of more energy but one of the speed and temperature of said energy. Therefore to produce matter from energy it has to be slowed down. Simply put one would have to figure out how to slow down light, and its spectrums, to the right amount for it to form particles into a solid form. Energy or light has to slow down and subsequently cool down to solidify as matter.

  • Anurag Rana

    I was thinking that they were going to produce matter from that laser beam but they shooting the laser in vacuum

  • shexdensmore

    Where did they fire this laser of too? Seriously, what did they aim at? The only safe place would be in space.

  • kandysman86

    Lol, this had been done with electric current for eons. Just nobody wants to acknowledge the experiments for fear of redicule. Science is more dogmatic than christianity nowadays.

  • Jamie Clarke

    So why on earth do we get charged through the roof for putting the kettle on and using electricity, if they can create all that power from a tiny table mounted laser?

  • Kevin Lane

    Could this research enable people, one day, to produce building materials out of energy, hypothetically speaking that is?

  • Finding Better Information

    if that's the case then every spectrum of light would produce different atoms of matter… or anti-matter?… hmm

  • TheDroidBay

    China: Spending millions on developing the Replicator.
    Meanwhile in London, we are arguing over whether we can afford police. Whilst getting stabbed.

  • Roger didit

    Yes indeed! Those high tech Chinese! What a glorious day for the reds when they sent their moon rover up and it lasted for a whopping TWO days. Yes, unfortunately it stopped moving, but the communists party was delighted to continue their uhhhhh "study" by taking pictures for such a long time, that the announced it as a new record! Mao would be proud!

  • nosuchthing8

    Wow this is reminiscent of what happens near a small black hole, how one of the virtual positron electron pairs escapes from the hole and the other does not, becoming real matter.

  • The Wanderer

    Finally, using the power of the atom for creation rather than destruction. If Einstein was here he would be very happy I know. He'd probably move to China hearing this lol.

  • Nikolaos Skordilis

    So is there an 1 for 1 correlation between the efficiency of the NIF laser and the Chinese laser? To my knowledge the (peta)watts used to generate the lasers refer to the total energy spent to do the work, not to the final power of the laser pulse. That is rated in (mega)joules. So if the NIF laser can generate 1.8 MJoules laser pulses out of 1 petawatt of power does that mean that the Chinese can generate 9.54 MJoules (5.3 petawatts × 1.8 MJoule) laser pulses? Or is their efficiency lower than NIF's and thus their laser is <9.54 MJoule strong?
    In any case upgrading to 10 and eventually even 100 petawatts sounds insane, even if they partly manage to do this by reducing the duration of their pulses even further, if it's even possible or is practical to go down to ~1 femtosecond pulses.

  • Ethan Rodriguez

    smh… wow.. i made this along time ago.. its just yah have MONEY TO GET MATERIALS AND TO GET IT BUILD… LOSERS… AMH

  • undo.kat

    in atomic bomb we actually split atoms into different atoms such as krypton and barium plus some energy. so we don't know to turn energy into mass but we don't know to turn mass into energy either

  • Carbonman

    Ehhhhhhhhhhhhehhhhhhhhehhhhhhhhhhhhhhhehhhhhhhhhehh<——— petroleumize:> prrrrrrrrrrrrrrereerrrr re reerre3~~~~~~~

  • Dean Kosmač

    @Seeker – what if all the matter in universe was created this way? This way no equilibrium of matter and antimatter is required – as it is in observable universe.
    So the photons of the early universe created matter from those virtual particles…

  • EAT THIS

    What is to worry when the western world says that china only copy, there is no such technology to copy from and aren't they good on crappy plastic junk

  • Jimmy Wong

    China has long civilization history (from unearthed tombs/sites). All 56 ethnic groups contributed to our glorious civilization history. Chinese love peace!
    5100 years old Liangzhu culture (3400–2250 BC):
    Ever since Chinese freed themselves from a second-class citizenhood and threw the alien Manchus out of Forbidden City in the early last century and started to communicate with the world, they have maintained they are the inheritors of a 5,000-year-old unbroken cultural tradition.
    http://viewofchina.com/liangzhu-culture/
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liangzhu_culture

    2500 years old Chime Bell:
    My hometown unearthed 2500 years old Chime Bell in 1978, made of alloy of bronze and gold! Chinese ancestor created metallurgy, cast and foundry, and music. At that time, Chinese already mastered advanced technologies but only used them to make musical instruments instead of weapons (such as lance spear , big sword, etc ).
    http://en.hubei.gov.cn/news/newslist/201604/t20160426_825300.shtml
    See unearth process, http://english.cntv.cn/program/newshour/20130705/103991.shtml

    2300 years old Terracotta Army
    The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BCE and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his afterlife.
    The figures, dating from approximately the late third century BCE,[1] were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, People's Republic of China, Shaanxi province. The figures vary in height according to their roles, with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits nearby Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum.[2] Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians.
    http://www.bmy.com.cn/2015new/index.htm#
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracotta_Army

    2200 years old Great Marquis Haihun’s tomb with 6000 gold/silver/jade antiques
    The excavation of Marquis Haihun’s tomb at Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, has been conducted by the Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics and associated institutes in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province since March, 2011. This tomb is roughly dated back to 2000 years ago.
    http://www.kaogu.cn/en/News/New_discoveries/2016/0115/52805.html
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marquis_of_Haihun

    2200 years old Mawangdui tomb:
    Mawangdui ((simplified Chinese: 马王堆; traditional Chinese: 馬王堆; pinyin: Mǎwángduī; literally: "King Ma's Mound") is an archaeological site located in Changsha, China. The site consists of two saddle-shaped hills and contained the tombs of three people from the western Han dynasty (206 BC – 9 AD). There are silk maps about Chinese territory around north South China Sea!
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mawangdui

  • Collyn Smith

    Lmao, they arent going to be able to do it. They want to so they can prove God doesnt exist. If they were to create matter it would be from atoms that are already inside the lazer chamber

  • Mokimanify

    All theory and fantasy … If that was practical it would have already have been done. Did he mention those laser pulses are incomprehensibly brief .. like 1/1,000,000,000,000,000 of a second ?

  • Shaggy Rogers

    Yup and we can use this to create a interstellar army by having satellites for a disobedient sphere anyways I don’t need it I’m a beyond infinite

  • Michael Reynolds

    We will cause a new big bang with devices like this and will wipe us all out and the slate clean. Then we'll do this same thing 13 billions years later… not knowing we had done it before. Wondering where the universe came from. What if!

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