Biosecurity in Our Backyard – Hosted by Costa – Primary School
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Biosecurity in Our Backyard – Hosted by Costa – Primary School


[Music] [Applause] [Music] hi I’m a Torah and today I’m going to talk about biosecurity well we all know Australia’s a big island with a very big coastline but imagine it fills a magic castle with an work to keep the baddies away letting the drawbridge down for the goodies but who gets the side of his gun ban there are people in Australia who work to protect the castle they’re caught by a security they use science technology research even dogs to keep our people crops and native animals and insects from getting sick we’re making the sound easy but it’s not it’s hard work and it never stops they do all this to protect our amazing biodiversity and beautiful country here’s Kosta with more hello everyone I’m Kosta a very very good morning to you all from here in tow kal look at the fantastic view behind me at toque al homestead it’s an absolute treat to know that all of you boys and girls are out there watching this first of our biosecurity broadcasts now we’ve got people joining us from all over New South Wales so a big hello from like art to Lansdowne to Lightning Ridge or from tullibardine I’ve done if I got that right but to Tamworth – to Romina or Burke – barrel or plumped into Pete’s Ridge wherever you all are boys and girls are big welcome to what’s going to be a fantastic session all about biosecurity now it’s great to have you all tuning in when my friends or family and especially my nieces and nephews ask me about biosecurity which seems like a big word and where does it fit into our day-to-day I ask them to imagine what it might be like if we didn’t practice biosecurity sometimes it’s better to understand something when you don’t have it rather than when you do have it to appreciate it now imagine this is what I get them to do I say imagine you’re sitting out in your favorite patch of green anywhere they like maybe it’s a farm they’ve visited or their own backyard then I ask them to look over at the veggie patch you know just over there which is brimming with fresh ripe produce ready to pick then I get them to imagine what it might be like and I want you boys and girls all of you I can see your old banal beau cocaine plant and burl Manhunter hoped and dark orange mill thought North rocks and Caputo I want you to all imagine what it might be like if on this veggie patch there were flies and bugs everywhere eating up all those beautiful mangoes the bananas the apples the tomatoes the lettuces the blueberries that you’d work hard at growing all that delicious produce imagine it would have holes and taste terrible because they’re bugs and flies have gobbled and sucked out all the nutrients and they just fly off leaving a trail of destruction it’s not good right it’s not good the same goes for weeds imagine if weeds grew right over the top of our favorite creek or park no beautiful native flowers like this incredible look at the incredible native plants you can see behind me there they would be covered they wouldn’t be happy they’d be saying that we hadn’t done our biosecurity homework now our biosecurity teams some of whom each and every one of you are going to meet shortly are protecting our landscapes they’re protecting our ecosystems our agriculture industry our wildlife and water supply our biosecurity teams have important jobs but we all of us have a special role to play – now you’re about to meet some increase biosecurity Warriors with interesting jobs that guess what you might like to have one day two now is everyone ready to start today’s biosecurity training so are you you’re ready to start can you give me a wave oh okay push okay I got you I heard you wrong okay so first up I’m gonna give you some extra tools that you as biosecurity warriors will need to identify three biosecurity baddies okay so let’s go with our first video and have a look at this boys and girls join the bug hunt it’s summer and it’s fruit season beautiful produce is grown here for us aziz to eat and for export but imagine a bug that can ruin all this the brown marmorated stink bug eats sucks and spoils our grapes apples corn tomatoes and stone fruit destroying industry and our home veggie patches too so let’s avoid a bug nightmare over winter they invade a multiplier no bug spray will kill them and if you squish them they’re just gonna smell like a pair of sweaty socks our biosecurity team are checking luggage and containers for these unwanted hitchhikers so please check your trees yeah fruits and your flowers for stink bugs to identify the brown marmorated stink bug their shape is similar to other common bugs look the green veggie or brown soldier bugs the brown marmorated stink bug is bigger their unique markings include white banding on the antenna and black and white markings on their lower back and don’t forget they really stink so join the bug hunt see it catch it call us on 136 okay that’s the first fun and that was the biosecurity message on Facebook just before Christmas the biosecurity team needed everyone out searching for those pests you know how’s this that video was viewed 70,000 times which is a great result because those bugs hitchhiked all the way from Italy in a shipping container our biosecurity teams are now working on both borders in Australia and in Italy to stop those bugs hitchhiking a ride again and you keeping an eye out can help make a difference now that you all know what to look for you are a detective just think about it you’re a detective just like a CSI detective keeping an eye on things so what I want you to do with your class is go to the DPI the Department of Primary Industries Facebook page to see how you can get involved in other bug hunts all right are you ready for the second birdie I’m going to talk about the mover that what I’m going to talk about relates to one of the yummiest things some of us love to eat from the sea who eats pawns put your hands up if you eat prawns I can see you all yeah okay some of you do that’s great now where do you eat your prawn with lemon sauce or hot chips or just a fresh squeeze of lemon if you left a few over on the plate the essential thing to remember and everyone in Australia needs to remember that prawns we eat should not be used as bait when you go fishing some prawns in the seafood market have white spots now while these prawns are totally fine for us humans to eat the white spot disease itself is highly contagious it’s a viral infection that can make crustaceans sick none of the prawns we eat should end up in the waterways so if you have left don’t throw them in the sea or the creek or use them to go fishing instead wrap them up freeze them so they don’t smell in the bin and then put them out with the rubbish now to our third birdie on the hit list can I ask I’m looking at you all over there who loves weeding the garden anyone [Music] it’s fantastic I I need to gather you all as a team I want you as part of my team both are really good jobs weeding and watering the garden but the weeding job has a specific biosecurity focus he’s a weed worth knowing more about scientists call this weed now see if he can repeat it after me hire a see’em or Auntie akin or orange hawkweed hi recent Iraq antium where you are all budding scientists botanists of the highest order that was beautifully pronounced now the reason we have Latin names for plants is very simple it makes you sound smart of course but it’s actually the original name that scientists gave these plants many years ago now this weed that we’re talking about it’s tiny sticky seeds stick like glue to your boots and to your clothes and to your backpacks so you become a vehicle a transportation vehicle that’s why you should always wash your camping gear and your boots before you go exploring and then after you’ve been exploring so you don’t carry these things with you it’s a five-minute simple biosecurity measure we can all do each and every one of us to reduce the amounts of pests being transported from one national park to another now what makes the orange Hawk wieder body in biosecurity terms is while the orange hawkweed is a very pretty bright great looking flower plant its roots are also not so nice they creep around into the soil and they suck up all the nutrients making it impossible for our native plants to grow in their own habitat and if the native plants don’t grow that affects the native wildlife that rely on the plants now large weed crops are being carefully managed in the Kosciusko Nash or park which is a beautiful hiking and skiing wilderness a few hours south of Canberra who’s been to the Kosciuszko National Park when they went to Canberra and then went on to Kumaran their excursion it’s a great place does anyone go skiing in the winter how many of you go skiing in the winter okay now keeping these invasive weeds under control gives our possums and frogs and lots of the native plums and grasses that they eat a chance to survive because the weeds compete for nutrients in the soil and those roots can destroy our native plants can you see the connection this is the best part about being a detective you get a fact here and then you get a fact over there and then another fact over here and the job of the detective is to bring them all together tie them up and then to tell a story but you’ve got to make the story interesting so our by security teams are protecting these highly precious mountain pygmy possums and the charismatic corroboree frog by eradicating the weeds and once you see a pygmy possum you’ll become a weed detective forever now for some their biosecurity training starts at birth I want you to meet my new bestie Sally she’s an official biosecurity National Park sorry I don’t have a cold she’s a sniffer dog she’s been trained since she was a pup to sniff out that nasty pest we discovered earlier called orange Hawk weed so can you see the connections I’m getting at now there’s lots of tools we can use now how it works is when Sally’s sensitive sniffer sniffs out the weed she drops her nose on the spot just like this bunk straight down to the ground here’s the kicker she’s also wearing a national parks vest with a GPS installed on it so when she drops too ground guess what the GPS marks the spot and once that data once that information is collected biosecurity officers then create a map with all of Sally’s points on the map and what do they have to do they don’t have to go out and think oh geez there are weed here is there a weed there they’ve got a map all ready to go and they can go there remove the weeds and drones fly above to monitor the progress how good is that here’s a video for you to have a look at some of Sally’s training sessions this is really cool [Music] we’re suite were sweet fine [Music] so our target readers orange hawk we we have one known infestation in New South Wales in Kosciusko National Park it’s it’s a weed that tends to have what we call a lag face so it hangs on for a little while it just sits around doesn’t do much doesn’t do much and then BAM it’ll take off where we’re helping the dogs will be able to come in is as I said it’s a very difficult plant to identify it’s just a little rosette of shoots up at a pretty little orange daisy flower when it’s in flower it’s easy to find but when it’s not the flower it’s very difficult what we all hope to do is get the dogs in to lead us to where those plants are and then we’ll be able to go and control them there’s really slow stages that we have to take the dog through and then we will take it out into the field where we know Hockley grows and try and see how she goes out there so what we’re after as soon as the dog’s nose is placed on this she will do a conditioned reinforcer which is the word yes clearly and concisely that says to the dog behavior correct reward is coming should throw the ball I have a bit of a game of the dog and we might do this two or three times I’m gonna place it here I’m gonna say Kelly work when they don’t take her lead on something say who’s the worst a week get her excited you know where’s the weed Sally where’s the weed and then I’ll say fine when she hears the word fine she knows that’s here and what I wanted to do is throw those on at this stage and when she does that I’ll say yes because that’s that’s what she’s looking that’s her real reward is that yes she knows she’s done I think yeah I don’t throw the tentacle and then she gets to play do PL Sally super bloody stop we know that the dog can do it as I said we haven’t got a big long history of eradications with plants and it’d be nice to be able to just start to do that [Music] Wow is sali a superstar or what now I was just looking at you or watching a video and I just want to say hello to a few schools that I didn’t see earlier we’ve got Mount Hunter over there give me a life went manhunt at public school give me a wave hi boys and girls we’ve got so hoped in school I didn’t see you earlier I like that picture on the wall that son or that nice graphic on the background then Ashdale give me a wave Nash Dale hello Nash Dale nice to see you and firmly good to see you firmly and right in the middle of my screen of I’ve got orange right there I can see orange hello boys and girls out at orange good to see your team all right let’s go on now did you know that more dogs just like Sally are being trained to help sniff out the weeds because it’s such an important job here’s a picture of Sally and her best mate Connor who’s in training – wouldn’t it be an awesome job getting to work with Sally and Connor outside in the bush every single day so I want you to think about all the things you see on the video today and all the people you meet and realize that these are normal people like you and like me who have been to school and they’ve taken their passions and their ideas and their learning and put it all together into awesome biosecurity jobs righty-o now it’s time for me to introduce you to two biosecurity goodies so I’ve gone from a few baddies now it’s time to change the superpowers and these two have incredible superpowers the ladybug and the all-powerful native bee did you know boys and girls up ladybugs can eat up to sixty a fir dad a making them a super pest controller Athens are pretty sneaky they move in and a touch themselves – your lettuce or your tomatoes they lay hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of miniscule eggs that you can’t even see and within hours your fluffy green lettuce leaves and your beautiful shiny red tomatoes I destroyed ladybugs or lady beetles love patrolling your veggie patch for aphids and other pests like hungry merely bugs and destructive leaf hoppers and mites has anyone had a ladybug land on them have any of you had a ladybug land on you I didn’t realize there were so many ladybug whisperers around New South Wales that is awesome now did you why do you think ladybugs have bright orange wings here’s the answer in fact I’m actually looking a bit like a ladybug myself although I don’t have the stripes I need a pennant or put some stripes on here the orange color is nature’s way of protecting them it’s a warning it’s a signal to potential predators that they may be toxic and not good to eat oh that makes me pretty toxic I guess so it’s a good thing to have them in your garden if a merely bug sees a ladybug on patrol in your garden the merely bug will most likely do a u-turn but ever that’s you it’s out of it so just having them in there is what we call a deterrent well I can’t talk about our next topic enough native bees I could talk about them all day and they benefit our Gardens in so many ways oops I was getting so excited I started frothing I’ll control it lucky there’s no one in the front row here other than just a screen up I’ll just I’ll just take all my spittle off there now most of the crops we grow in Australia depend on bee pollination now the European honeybee see if you can say this apis mellifera unbelievable that [Music] apis mellifera that is perfect yeah you’re the you’re in the team all of you I like your pronunciation is perfect now since bees travel handle this bit of information little bees can travel anywhere up to ten kilometres from their hive to gather pollen and nectar and their pollination services extend way beyond your garden all those of your neighborhood so it’s not like they just go I’m chillin I’m chilling out in cocaine primary schools garden they go much further looking for a feed now what about our native bees most people are surprised to learn and I don’t know if you boys and girls would realize that there’s more than 1600 species of bees that are native to Australia let me repeat that 1,600 species individual species there are so many great native bees that we could talk about we could we could talk about but here’s one of my favorites the beautiful blue banded bee have a look at the bands on it they’re stunning and the best part about the blue banded bee is that they hang out together and we’re not being in my local school garden even at my place if I see one always look around because you’re bound to see its buddy they go out together just like you girls and boys go out and hang out with your buddies in the playground the blue banded bees hang with their buddies now native stingless bees and that’s the other thing about our native bees guess what they don’t sting you they could give you a little nip that would just feel like barely someone doing that with their fingernail but they don’t sting you that’s why they’re really safe to put in our schools because if we have the the European bee we just have to be a little more careful about where we put them but with this thing less bees not a problem they can be right in the middle of the playground now they exist together so they pollinate and do pollination work around the same flowers together by providing food and water in your garden you can encourage native bees to visit and that’s what we want just like a big billboard saying hey over here now by making them a hotel out of bamboo hollows drilled logs clay pack pipes you can bring them to your garden and I’ve got one here and this is something that each and every one of your schools whose whose school has got a bug hotel at it let me see any hands up have any of you got a bug hotel at your school Mount Hunter does Nash tail or firmly air firmly does too so these are really easy to build as a class project you can get bamboo you can get pine cones you can get thanks.you cones you can fill it up with all sorts of things and then the bees come and that becomes a little air B&B it becomes a hotel for them to come and live in and then you’ll keep them in your garden which is fantastic and now I’d like to introduce you to a designer whose guests are making a beeline for her Ozzie B hotels let’s go and check out this little video [Music] [Music] now boys and girls after seeing that bug Hotel video there’s absolutely no excuse I give you zero excuse not not no zero there nada nothing you can all get into it and make a bug hotel not only at your school but why not make one at home as well and then make one for the neighbors and make one for nan and pops might one for your aunts and uncles and you’ve got parents places you can go nuts no actually you can go bees about it which is fantastic but speaking of bees this is a European beehive apis mellifera if I remember correctly no was that correct yeah there it is and what I would like to do is introduce you to my buddy beekeeper rod now rod what’s your full title I’m a bee biosecurity officer with New South Wales Department primary industry fantastic now boys and girls rod is going to bring us up to speed on lots of information about B so let’s cut to the chase rod tell me why are bees so important well bees are amazing little insects and they can fly a long way up to 3 4 kilometres to your garden and they’ll buzz around they’ll go through all the flowers and the fruit and the vegetables pollinating and even more importantly they produce honey which we all love ok so given that they’re so important in terms of the service that they provide how can we like all the boys and girls out there at their schools and there’s this I’m gonna give them a wave Rock giving away um how can we as the boys and girls attract more bees to our school gardens or our home garden well there are lots of be friendly plants and trees flowers so if you look and work out which ones grow well in your area plant lots of those because the bees will come from a long way away when they find that you’ve got them going there and that’s interesting because exactly what rod said we need to plant lots of flowers to attract the bees but the key point and would agree is we have to plant the flowers that are going to flower across the whole year we don’t just go on spring time that’s when the flowers are and then the bees go oh that’s nice what am I going to eat in October and November in December so make sure we plant lots of flowers that flower across from November to March and then from December to May and then from January to October and and that way will feed your bees right yep when as long as it’s warm enough for them to fly they’re going to look for something that they can eat now a lot of people are scared of bees you know has anyone out there in in in all my in all the schools there any of you been stung by a bee so how rod as a beekeeper do you handle bees and not get stung well as you can see where you smokers which are very fun to play with oh this looks like fun let me have a look at this here we go I’ll just smoke all those little bees at the schools and and the this is used by the beekeeper to sort of calm the bees down a little bit so what does it make them a bit sort of groggy and a bit sort of like they’ve just working on Saturday morning no I know they think there’s a fire coming also to prepare for that they start straightaway to eat honey so the busy they are eating as much honey as I can to get ready to fan their wings to keep the hive protected that’s amazing information and okay so assume you did get stung what do you need to do first thing Koster is don’t panic okay it hurts when you get stung but don’t panic and then you look for the sting when you find it if your bee keep you’ve got a hive tool but for the rest of us we’ve got fingernails you very carefully scratch that out without squashing the little pump ah yeah because I’ve been stung and you know it happens boys and girls it’s like a little sack and as soon as the bee stings you sadly it releases the sack and it will go and die but the stacks the sack the stack the sacristy the sack stays there and it keeps pumping and it looks quite freaky because it’s just this thing sitting that’s going and so you’ve got to get that out the sooner you get it out in the better well you’ve got seven minutes so if you rush and you squash it you’ll get all of the venoms straight away but if you take a little bit more time and you scrape it out you’ll only get a little bit of venom because it would take seven minutes normally to pump all that venom into your body so uh is it true that you’re now going to open the hive up and show the boys and girls what goes on in there yeah I’ll just show them some honey though I’m making some honey now it’s not finished but they’re just here and we give them some smoke and when we pull this out you’ll see that they are building the honeycomb and where it’s all white that’s all fully capped and that is honey that you can eat this is still nectar that they are turning into honey Wow and if you didn’t have a bee violon you’d probably stick your finger in there and try some well look you know the interesting thing about having a beard boys and girls is that the bees think I’m a bear coming to take all their honey so I’m gonna get away from that while rod shows you a little more in the hive and I’ll see you back inside so when you look at this you can see the honeycomb the bees have made all of that from a piece of foundation and they work hard making the wax they make the cells and then they put the honey in they evaporate all that all the nectar and turn that in a honey and we won’t do any more they’re busy working the cost I hear that you’ve got some chucks for us now well I reckon there are plenty of ideas there for anyone thinking about not only designing their bee hotel but getting into bees as rod has shown us now guess what boys and girls making a little bit of a kerfuffle next to me is my next bestie I’ve been making a lot of besties up here in total it’s fantastic can anyone Oh actually I’ve just looked on my screen and I can see that you can see my new best friend oops hey B that is well we’re going to talk about what my new bestie just just did I want you to meet Lucy and Lucy’s busy just sharing a little bit of her fertilization techniques now Chuck’s boys and girls are the ultimate biosecurity warriors in our gardens and to celebrate all the good things Chuck’s do every day to protect our gardens here are the top five super powers Chuck’s possess the five so I was trying to decide will I go from one to five or will I go from five to one and the decision was made by others she made the decision so we’re going to go from five to one okay every Chuck will devour your food scraps that you make every day and the baddie bugs in your garden as well because these little chicken feet as well that you see here oops oops oh look there you go damn these little chicken feet that you can’t see see he they mix up the soil and save you hours of mulching the garden soil and their appetite for scraps you’ve got a great appetite for scraps haven’t you and they help reduce the waste that your family sends to landfill and I reckon that is a pretty good thing isn’t it where do you want to go do you want to go up here what do you reckon there we go that’s that’s pretty comfortable and I think she’s done at poop so she probably won’t poop on me but if she does it’s not gonna hurt too much is it that’s why I got my protection now number four super power number four there’s nothing better than knowing your Chuck’s can produce an incredible protein fueled breakfast of eggs all produced in your very own backyard Chuck pen now while I think about boys and girls looking at the screen he’s got chickens at home well that’s a lot of you and who’s got chickens yeah who’s got their chick who’s got chickens at school where that is fantastic Pinal boku k an orange Millford Fernley you’ve all got chickens that’s fantastic you chicken you chicken fancy as I love that hey you gone up there she’s happy others had chicken at Fernley on the screen good on you firmly all right now superpower number three if you add their nitrogen nitrogen rich chickpea which she’s been dumping all over here to your compost it becomes a super fertilizer for your veggie patch and what that does is create soil that’s free from chemicals so that’s the ultimate biosecurity project you can manage yourself with the help ups with the help of your friends she’s happy alright the countdown continues number two Chuck’s are the ultimate organic weed killer and there’s no need for chemically dangerous weed killers because these little characters gobble up the weeds but best of all they pick through the soil and they get the seeds as well they kill the weeds with a couple of hard-working cooks like this it’s a great way to do it not there you go hang on I’ll just put you on there that’s it and number one the countdown is complete Chuck’s are the perfect companion for you biosecurity warriors you share the same goals you get to hang out together and enjoy the benefits of a great friendship who loves to just sit and watch Chuck’s there’s so much fun to watch and when you give them a little bit of love and attention others hang with you the whole time so show them lots of love give them clean water in there took pens everyday and keep them worm them back to work that’s a good word worms and vaccinated right a let’s check out a video now of another backyard biosecurity warrior tackling some pesky weeds called black-eyed Susan that’s a pretty funny name for a weed isn’t it can everyone say black-eyed Susan okay I believe you well I just got it I just got it that’s perfect [Music] fantastic against weeds bugs and bacteria fossils it’s the biosecurity warrior with green hair.take that normality [Music] the veggie patch has been saved oh really better attack ooh and release the vines not the Tom’s but lady B and I just got rid of all the aphids [Music] we’re doing big mags now thanks max huh and thanks to you too lady Z we work together and save the veggie patch from weeds and pests well done gang this message is from the DPI the Department of Primary Industries girls and boys can I tell you how much I’m enjoying being a part of this broadcast it’s the first time that I’ve done a broadcast like this where we’re going out to so many schools across the state and I can see each and every one of you there and you’re really your attention is with me and I hope that you’re learning as much information that I’ve enjoyed learning in helping put this together now my next question for you is how much do you love your backyard when you think about it it’s the first place as children that we go exploring we get to play with our friends and enjoy all the things that nature has to offer I remember having a bug catcher and nets and digging in the soil when I was your age and younger and it’s so much fun and it’s our patch it’s our backyard special place now I want to introduce you to Rebecca Pearce who visited done dog school recently where she met some students hi Rebecca hi Casta who are investigating biosecurity at their school thanks oh yeah I recently went to done gog and i looked at all the biosecurity stuff that they’re doing in their in their school and its really good so they’ve got veggie patches they’ve got bugs hotels as well and they’re making sure that they’re keeping everything you know really great with their biosecurity so they’re doing lots of weeding their bug hotels are putting in lots of our encouraging lots of good bugs so they can get the bad bugs like aphids and and yeah it’s just really great what they’re doing there so can you tell me why are the kids at done gog so excited about biosecurity and what can we all do to help make a difference and and practice good biosecurity methods in our schools and in our gardens at home yeah all right so unfortunately girls and boys there are a lot bad bugs out there bugs and weeds that really want to get into our Gardens and and destroy all you know the good things that we’re trying to grow but there’s some really simple things that we can do to help our plants and the first thing you can do is make sure that they’re growing up big and strong and healthy so just like you know all you kids you need food and water to make sure that you’re growing up big and strong our plants need that too so they they need healthy soil they need sunlight they need water and if you make sure that your plants are getting that then you know they’re going to have the best chance of growing up big and strong and we all know that when something’s big and strong better at fighting off all the baddies aren’t they so but we also just want to make sure that there’s not too many bodies to deal with at one time so just like Batman we want to make sure that like if he’s got one body to deal with at a time he’s probably gonna win isn’t he it’s gonna win boys and girls but maybe if there’s ten bodies it gets a bit harder for him doesn’t it so we’re talking baddies where where do they come from well there’s you know they’re around all over the place and we’ve just got to try and make sure that they’re not getting in like that we’re not getting ten at once maybe there’s just one a few so the first thing is that like your tools that you use in your garden a lot of the bugs like to hitchhike on things like your spades your rakes are using to dig around in the dirt and your gum boots that using so everyone you just really want to make sure that you’re using your own garden tools in your own garden and you’re not sharing them around too much because you might share some of the bugs from your garden with the bugs from other garden and then you’ve got bugs all over the place so just really use your your own tools in your own gardens I think a thing is that compost we had a bit of talk about compost before Lucy was helping us make some compost really really good to have compost made up of your chicken poop we can start some down here on the ground and we can use our veggie our veggie scraps as well from the kitchen awesome to make compost but we want to make sure that that compost breaks down properly into really good soil so that none of the baddies can survive in that and so when you put it on your garden they haven’t been brought in the other thing is is the new plants that you’re bringing in so you always want to plant new an Scout in the garden as much as possible make sure we’re planting some seedlings make sure you check those seedlings so that they’re not bringing in bad bugs on them before you plant them and then they spread to your other plants so kids if we look after our plants like Rebecca says your garden and veggie patch will hopefully give you lots and lots of yummy fruit and vegetables to eat and share amongst your community now Rebecca I hear you recently got to the Easter Show to learn about how to look after our food even when it goes from the garden to the kitchen tell me a bit about that because I saw last week I went to the Easter Show with some students and we got to learn about keeping our food at home really clean and safe to eat so we learn about the four golden rules of food safety some of the kids here might already know them but we’ll all go through them together so number one rule number one keep your food cold so that’s about keeping our food refrigerated properly so that nothing grows on it number two keep the food hot so make sure that you’ll keep cooking your food properly so that none of the nasties that when you eat it so meeting things make sure you’re killing or any germs on it before you eat it number three keep it clean so I know that you’d all be washing your hands before you handle your food and everything yeah yeah of course you do so make sure you wash your hands so you’re not transferring your germs onto your food before you eat it and number four checks a label so a lot of food has a use by date on it and you want to eat that food before that use by date because sometimes milk and things go off and then if you eat it after it’s used by date it can make you sick and make you’re not very good in the tummy but that’s different that’s different to the best before date because the best before date isn’t like a case of if I eat it now I’m going to be sick best before date just says that up until this time you’ll be experiencing that food at its best days and weeks later the quality might drop but it doesn’t mean that it’s off so you don’t have to throw everything out to a best all day it’s only a use by date isn’t it exactly Custer now let’s take a look at our bars by security worried again and his best mate lady be keeping it cold in the kitchen Thank You Gus against weeds bugs and bacteria fossils it’s the biosecurity warrior with green hair.take that normality we have entered the danger zone danger zone let’s take a closer look lady Bay come on no not cool look at the temperature Oh fridges must be under 5 degrees Celsius whoa hos little bacterias are having fun the open door made the fridge too hot and nasty bacteria came to party this it has to go in the bin or we’ll all be puking there looks like it’s fruit for breakfast today stay cool gang so shut the fridge door to keep your food safe and your fridge cold this message is from the DPI the Department of Primary Industries okay boys and girls now we’re gonna do a little bit of Q&A so we’re heading over to Mill thought public school for some questions from some of the students up there now let’s see Mill thought can you hear me okay what’s your name and what’s your question out there at Mill thought today will now will the interesting tonight thing to know about two kegs is that the shell still breathes thinks things can still move through it so if you wash the egg when there’s if there’s any any mud or soil or poop on the egg you’ll actually allow it to move through into the egg which will which will damage the egg so you actually don’t want to wash your chicken eggs all you want to do is just take off any dust or dirt but allow that skin because when the egg actually comes out the chicken seals it with a natural seal once you wash it you’ll wash that off and the egg will go off a lot quicker and and and that’s the key don’t wash them okay is that clear enough for you yeah good on you thanks will and our next question hello Tilly thank you for that question now the question for everyone else if you didn’t hear it Tilly just asked is it safe for birds to drink from our Chuck water look it’s not safe Tilly because birds are coming from the wild and they could carry different viruses and that virus could then transfer to our chickens and make our chickens sick so there’s two things we need to do is make sure that the birds don’t get to our water and the best thing we can do to stop that is ensure that the mesh that we use on our chicken on our chicken enclosure is not large we want it small to prevent any size bird getting through there and potentially leaving a virus in the water so very good question Tillie thanks for that now that’s a pleasure thank you Thank You Mel for meal thought or a Mill fork that was very good pronunciation everyone at Mill fork okay so boys and girls you know when you’re having a really good time it’s amazing how quickly time flies but we’re not finished yet I’ve got another special guest to introduce you to and this is Nathan and Nathan has an extra special guest that he’s going to tell us about hey Nathan good thing Casta yeah it’s almost Easter time so let’s talk about the Easter Bunny rabbits like like snowball here snowball yeah oh they’re really popular pets you guys might even have one at home did you know that rabbits can live up to ten years and oh yeah he’s moving around a little bit did you know they can live up for ten to ten years yeah really and it’s best to get them to see a vet so you can keep them healthy at home and so they can be fixed up so that they don’t have any baby bunnies if they do escape from the wild so assuming a rabbit like this gets out into the wild what can they do to our environment yeah well rabbits have really sharp teeth and they’re great for eating up lots of weeds and and grasses they’ve also got long burrows local long claws yeah which are great for burrowing and that that’s not so great for our environment because if they get up they can dig lots of burrows and cause erosion and that and that causes problems for our poor healthy plants and and grasses and they can’t grow any more because it’s interesting boys and girls if the rabbit digs a burrow and then that starts to erode the landscape then when it rains all that loose soil washes into our creeks and it makes our creeks murky which which affects the fish then it goes out through the creeks into our rivers and them from our rivers out onto the Barrier Reef or into the oceans and damages the sea grasses and affects the ecosystem so so it’s snowflake yeah snowball snowball sorry snowball I got the name wrong I I do apologize so snowball at home in your garden living happily contained is good if she gets out she creates a massive problem that’s right now are there any other pests that damage the environment yeah let’s talk about Gary the goldfish Gary the goldfish now I like that as a name yeah Go Fish a really cool pets and they’re great if they kept safe at home in their fish bowls but what you might not know is that if they get out into the wild they can grow really really big did you know that they can grow to the size of football can you imagine a goldfish that’s this big yeah that’s pretty big yeah these gigantic goldfish have huge appetites and they can eat up everything in their way making it hard for our native fish to find food in the waterways now is there anything else in our waterways we should be careful and look out for yeah Koster have you ever heard of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles I was a particular fan during the day whoa and I’m sure hey boys and girls who’s seen the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles put your hands up if you’ve seen that it seems like quite a few of them have yeah that’s right well the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles were turtles that were released into the New York sewers I guess someone must have flushed them down the toilet Wow and then they just set up shop in the inner in the pipes underneath the streets yeah that’s right they became really noxious warriors down in the sewers and that’s something that we don’t want to have happen in Australia so tell us a little bit about this this are this turtle well they’re really easy to spot they have a bright red stripe behind their eyes and they have yellow stripes on their head and legs these particular turtles are non-native to Australia and we can’t keep them as pets although native pets are okay to some native turtles okay to keep as pets why why are these guys so bad if they get out into the wild well these guys have particularly snappy behavior and they can kill or chase after and scare our native turtles so we don’t want them in our net in our waterways and we they also carry bacteria which is dangerous to humans and to our natives so we definitely don’t want the red eared slider in our waterways so the red eared slider that’s that that’s the common name for it the red-eared slider turtle they’re ready okay can you all say that one for me red-eared slider turtle in one breath [Music] 10 out of 10 yeah that’s fantastic excellent so just remember just to keep your pet rabbit at home safely and don’t let it out into the open if you have goldfish never ever release them into strength streams or creeks and never flush them into the toilet what should you do if you so if one of the boys and girls there were moving and they didn’t want to take the goldfish with them what should they do with them they can take them back to their pet store which should receive their pet back you happily then they can resell it and if you happen to see one of these Ninja Turtles out in the open it’s best to let one of our biosecurity warriors in New South Wales dpi know so that we can do something about it well Nathan thank you for sharing so much information about really just three three of what I imagine is many different animals that we need to be biosecurity aware about that’s right Kosta if you see anything unusual in your environment any unusual pets or unusual animals let dpi know and we can and we can investigate thanks a lot Nathan thanks kids and thanks Costa thank you okay boys and girls that was really interesting from goldfish to rabbits to Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles now I want to ask you a question have you spotted any interesting jobs that you think you’d like to do in the future Rebecca and Nathan they’re all doing really interesting things and there were clues they were clues in everything that they talked about and even though biosecurity seems like a big word and a topic that you don’t read about in the local newspaper it’s something that affects us all and that was really the reason why we wanted to have this broadcast today to introduce you to the people that are doing an amazing amount of work behind the scenes while you boys and girls are just living day to day we’ve got these amazing people doing incredible things to keep our country and our our ecosystems and our environments safe so I want to thank each and every one of you from Fernley to orange tuba now bow to North frocks to Telugu Beale and from here from here at a beautiful take our College look at that view here with a beautiful landscape a beautiful environment that’s being looked after I want to finish off with a couple of things for you to each remember before we go you can start in your own backyard by keeping the batter bias the batter – yeah that by keeping the biosecurity baddies out pets and plants we have at home can become baddies if we let them free to become invasive pests now see if you can pick a job you’d like to do in the future around some of the info information that we’ve shared today we’ve certainly met some great people who are achieving great things for biosecurity in Australia now I want you to write down two things that you remember from today’s talk and then I want you to write down a third thing that you’re going to action something that you can take away share it at home share it with the family share it with Nana and pop or your neighbors a thing that you might do to become a biosecurity warrior in your day today at home at school everywhere you go we’re in this together thanks for being part of the broadcast boys and girls each and every one of you rock it’s been fantastic and remember biosecurity it’s all of our business give me a wave give me a chair see you later [Music]

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